Washington, D.C. 20549
Specialized Disclosure Report
F5, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction(Commission(IRS Employer
of incorporation)File Number)Identification No.)
801 5th Avenue
Seattle, WA98104
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Tom Fountain
Executive Vice President of Global Services and Chief Strategy Officer
(206) 272-5555
(Name and telephone number, including area code, of the
person to contact in connection with this report.)

Check the appropriate box to indicate the rule pursuant to which this form is being filed, and provide the period to which the information in this form applies:
þ Rule 13p-1 under the Securities Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13p-1) for the reporting period from January 1 to December 31, 2023

Section 1 - Conflict Minerals Disclosure
Item 1.01 Conflict Minerals Disclosure and Report
A copy of the F5, Inc. Conflict Minerals Report is filed as Exhibit 1.01 hereto and is publicly available at https://investors.f5.com/esg.
Item 1.02 Exhibit
The Conflict Minerals Report required by Item 1.01 is filed as Exhibit 1.01 to this Form SD.
Section 2 - Exhibits
Item 2.01 Exhibits
The following exhibit is filed as part of this report:
Exhibit 1.01


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the duly authorized undersigned.
F5, INC.
By:/s/ Tom FountainDate: May 31, 2024
Tom Fountain
Executive Vice President of Global Services and Chief Strategy Officer

F5, Inc.
Conflict Minerals Report
Year Ended December 31, 2023
This Conflict Minerals Report (the "Report") for F5, Inc. ("F5,” the "Company," "we," "us," and "our") is presented for the reporting period from January 1, 2023 to December 31, 2023 to comply with Rule 13p-1 (the "Rule") under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. For the purpose of the Reasonable Country of Origin Inquiry ("RCOI"), we initiated supply chain inquiries on October 15, 2023 and continued to receive data through May 9, 2024. F5 maintains an ongoing data gathering and refresh program to ensure up-to-date data is captured throughout the year. For the purpose of this report, conflict minerals are defined as cassiterite, columbite-tantalite, gold, wolframite, and their derivatives, which are limited to tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold (collectively, "3TG"). For the 2023 reporting year, we expanded our supplier response rate to 93.62% year-over-year and enhanced our due diligence actions from prior reporting periods. 88% of our in-scope suppliers participated in our 2023 program, through the collection of Conflict Minerals Reporting Template (“CMRT”) responses. After validation and removal of incomplete or invalid submissions, we received acceptable, completed CMRTs from 91% of our in-scope suppliers, and were able to determine 17.4% of suppliers were not using any 3TG. 3% of the suppliers provided incomplete or invalid submissions. As a downstream user of conflict minerals, we are dependent on our suppliers for information, and the list of smelters reported by F5 should be viewed as a list of possible sources, rather than a complete record of known source locations. More information on how we determined which suppliers were in scope is available in this report.
A smelter list, CMRT form, conflict minerals policy, and other environmental, social and governance information is available online at https://support.f5.com/csp/article/K51230228.
Forward Looking Statements
This report includes forward looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve risks and uncertainties. Forward looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward looking statements can also be identified by words such as "expects," "plans," "intends," "will," "may," and similar terms. Forward looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. F5 assumes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason, except as required by law. Subsequent events may affect F5’s future determinations under Rule 13p-1.
About F5
F5 is a multicloud application security and delivery company committed to bringing a better digital world to life. F5 partners with the world’s largest, most advanced organizations to secure every app—on premises, in the cloud, or at the edge. F5 enables businesses to continuously stay ahead of threats while delivering exceptional, secure digital experiences for their customers. For more information, go to f5.com. (NASDAQ: FFIV)
Supply Chain Overview
F5 relies upon our suppliers to provide material declarations and information on the origin of 3TG contained in components and materials supplied to us, including materials and 3TG from sub-tier suppliers. As most suppliers provide company-level declarations, there are many smelters listed that may not actually be in the supply chain of the components used by F5.
We contracted with Assent Compliance ("Assent") to gather data from our suppliers as well as to provide our suppliers with training on the reporting rules and guidance on completing the CMRT form. We utilized the standard Responsible Business Alliance Global e-Sustainability Initiative ("RBA-GeSI") Conflict Minerals Reporting Template version 6.31 developed by the Responsible Minerals Initiative ("RMI") and requested that all suppliers complete the form. Suppliers that are known or suspected to provide components that contain 3TG were considered undetermined unless a completed CMRT form was received. Suppliers known not to use metal in products sourced by F5 were asked to provide a CMRT form, even if only to state no use. In cases where these suppliers did not provide a CMRT form, but a material declaration or comparable documentation is on file demonstrating no 3TG use, they were considered out of scope. Packaging suppliers are out of scope, and though we have asked for CMRT forms for our own records they are excluded from this declaration and the data provided herein.

Reasonable Country of Origin Inquiry
To determine whether necessary 3TG in our products originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ("DRC") or an adjoining country (the "Covered Countries"), we provided a list of suppliers associated with the Covered Products to Assent for upload to the Assent Sustainability Manager.
We utilized the RBA-GeSI CMRT version 6.31 to conduct a survey of all in scope suppliers. During the supplier survey, we contacted suppliers via the Assent Sustainability Manager, to which suppliers uploaded their completed CMRTs for assessment and management by Assent. The use of the CMRT allowed for some elimination of irrelevant suppliers. Specifically, Question 1 of the CMRT asks suppliers whether any of the 3TGs they use are necessary to the functionality or production of their products. We also periodically reviewed the supplier list to ensure that irrelevant or "out of scope" suppliers were removed from the survey process. We conducted this analysis based on the following criteria:
The company supplies packaging
The company supplies us with items that do not end up in our products (including equipment used to make our products or those used strictly on prototypes)
The company is a service provider only
The company is listed as a supplier, but no components were purchased for use in F5 products during the reporting period and preceding 12 months.
We requested that all suppliers complete a CMRT and included training and education (provided by Assent) to guide suppliers on best practices and the use of this template. Assent monitored and tracked all communications in the Assent Sustainability Manager for future reporting and transparency. We directly contacted suppliers that were unresponsive to Assent’s communications during the diligence process and requested such suppliers to complete the CMRT form and submit their form to Assent.
For calendar year 2023, we included automated data validation on all submitted CMRTs. The goal of data validation is to increase the accuracy of submissions and identify any contradictory answers in the CMRT. This data validation is based on:
Questions 1 and 2 are minimum requirements for the CMRT
If suppliers state (via Question 1 and Question 2) that their products do not contain 3TGs necessary to the function or production of said products, then no further information is required, and no further data validation is completed.
Question 3 - Do any of your 3TGs originate from the Covered Countries?
Any supplier that has any 3TGs from the Covered Countries, even one positive response from their supply chain must answer yes.
Question 4 - Do any of the smelters in your supply chain source the 3TG from conflict-affected and high-risk areas?
The answer to this question shall be yes, no, or unknown. It is recommended to substantiate a “yes” answer in the comment section. This question is mandatory for specific metal if the response to question 1 and 2 is “yes” for that metal.
Question 5 - Have you received information from all relevant 3TG Suppliers?
If you are not at 100%, then you cannot make definitive statements for Questions 3 and 4.
Question 6 - What percentage of relevant suppliers have provided a response to your supply chain survey?
This question is mandatory for specific metal if the response to question 1 and 2 is “yes” for that metal.
Question 7 - Have you identified all your smelters and refiners?
If the answer here is yes, then question 5 must be yes. This also impacts question 3.
Question 8 - Has all applicable smelter received by your company been reported to this declaration.
The answer shall be “yes” or “no” along with the comment in certain cases, e.g. list of smelters. This will always be “yes” by default when we generate the CMRT through the ASM since it is capturing all smelters data from suppliers.

All submitted forms are accepted and classified as valid or invalid so that data is still retained. Suppliers are contacted with regards to invalid forms and are encouraged to submit a valid form. As of May 9, 2024, there were 7 invalid or incomplete supplier submissions that could not be corrected.
Assent compared the list of smelters and refiners provided in our suppliers’ responses to the lists of smelters maintained by the RMI and, if a supplier indicated that a facility was certified as conflict-free, confirmed that the facility was listed on RMI’s list of validated conflict free smelters and refiners of 3TG. Our suppliers identified a total of 351 smelters and refiners. Of those, 225 are currently conformant to the Responsible Minerals Audit Process ("RMAP") run by RMI. Based on information provided by RMI, a further 8 are actively engaged with RMI’s audit program. Most of the CMRTs we received were made on a company or division level basis which did not allow us to identify which smelters or refiners listed by our suppliers actually processed the 3TG contained in our products.
Based on the RCOI, we had reason to believe that some of the 3TGs may have originated from the Covered Countries. In accordance with the Rule, we performed due diligence on the source and chain of custody of the conflict minerals in question.
Design of Due Diligence
We designed our due diligence measures to conform, in all material respects, with the framework in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ("OECD") Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict Affected and High-Risk Areas (the "Guidance") and the related Supplements for gold, tin, tantalum, and tungsten. The Guidance identifies five steps for due diligence that should be implemented and provides guidance as to how to achieve each step. We developed our due diligence process to address each of these five steps:
1.Establishing strong company management systems regarding conflict minerals;
2.Identifying and assessing risks in our supply chain;
3.Designing and implementing a strategy to respond to identified risks in our supply chain;
4.Utilizing independent third-party audits of supply chain diligence; and
5.Publicly reporting on our supply chain due diligence.
Company Management System
Company Policies
All suppliers in our manufacturing supply chain are required to provide products that meet the requirements laid out in F5’s Conflict Minerals Policy which can be found here: https://support.f5.com/csp/article/K51230228.
Conflict Minerals Policy (as of May 9, 2024):
As a global company, we know the business of F5 has impacts throughout our worldwide value chain. The Dodd- Frank Consumer Protection and Wall Street Reform Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act") found that the exploitation and trade of Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten, and Gold ("conflict minerals") were helping to finance extreme levels of violence in the DRC. The Dodd-Frank Act requires public companies to conduct due diligence and make certain disclosures regarding use of the conflict minerals.
F5 requires suppliers using any of the four conflict minerals sourced from the DRC or an adjoining country to use only materials which are certified Conflict Free through the Conflict Free Smelter Initiative or a comparable process.
We are committed to eliminating conflict minerals from our manufacturing supply chain through use of widely adopted best practices, including:
1.Establishing a conflict minerals compliance program consistent with the OECD Due Diligence guidance for downstream companies
2.Determining which F5 suppliers use the above-mentioned conflict minerals and targeting our efforts accordingly
3.Requiring all affected suppliers to provide a Conflict Minerals Reporting Template to the manufacturing supply chain team for review

4.When instances of non-compliant suppliers arise, working with those suppliers through our manufacturing supply chain team to ensure corrective actions are undertaken promptly and effectively
5.Filing an annual Form SD with the Securities and Exchange Commission through our financial reporting group, which will include updates on progress towards being conflict free and details of any corrective actions taken in the reporting year
Developing total transparency in the supply chain takes time, and correcting suppliers’ use of non-certified conflict minerals as it arises requires commitment.
Management Team
Management for the conflict minerals program at F5 is the supply chain team (within manufacturing). This team works closely with peers in manufacturing, manufacturing supply chain, product design and environmental, social and governance (ESG).
The supply chain team oversees gathering CMRTs, performing assessments of the CMRTs, following up with suppliers, filing the conflict minerals report, working with F5’s contract manufacturer to determine purchase history and supplier use, and maintaining up-to-date information on conflict minerals regulations. As discussed earlier in this report, some of those responsibilities have been outsourced to Assent.
The supply chain team is responsible for keeping up-to-date contacts with suppliers and managing contracts with suppliers with which F5 has contracts. F5 does not have contracts with all suppliers, but all contracts that are in place include conflict minerals requirements.
The product development team, particularly the team of component engineers, is responsible for maintaining up-to-date supplier lists and bill of materials. When a new supplier is added, they notify the supply chain team so due diligence can commence. When a supplier must be removed due to conflict minerals use, the supply chain team engages the component engineering and product development teams to develop and implement a phase-out plan including timeline and alternate supplier qualification.
Grievance Mechanism
Suppliers and other parties may contact us with conflict minerals questions or concerns.
Via email: rohscompliance@f5.com
Reports also may be made anonymously to the F5 Business Integrity Hotline.
Online at f5.ethicspoint.com
By telephone at +1 (855) 409-0947
Supplier Engagement
Design Process
F5 selects suppliers for a variety of performance criteria, including compliance. Initial screening of suppliers covers basic compliance criteria, including an ability to provide a CMRT to F5, though that CMRT is not reviewed as part of the new supplier process.
After selection, parts are integrated into prototype bills of materials and then integrated into regular, ongoing data collection performed by the supply chain team. This includes conflict minerals compliance and full material declarations.
Incorporation into Production Bill of Materials
Once listed on a prototype or production bill of materials, a supplier is added to our surveys of compliance information. It is at this point Assent is engaged to procure a CMRT from the supplier. Assent utilizes contact information provided by F5 as well as contacts from other downstream users to initiate contact with a supplier. In the event a supplier is unfamiliar with conflict minerals reporting, Assent provides training on how to properly fill out a CMRT and guidance on how that supplier can perform their own supply chain due diligence.

Maintenance of Data
After completion, F5 holds CMRTs in the Assent Sustainability Manager. These documents will be held, at a minimum, for the required period as dictated by the SEC.
As long as a supplier remains on the bill of materials for a product still in production and with an active purchase history within the prior two years, F5 will continue to gather a new CMRT every year. This ensures changes in suppliers’ practices have not resulted in a change in conflict mineral sourcing status.
Due Diligence for Calendar Year 2023
Risk Assessment
Of the suppliers deemed in scope, we found the majority to be responsive with continually improving data and coverage year-over-year.
Once received, a CMRT is reviewed for a variety of red flags including those listed in the OECD guidance for downstream companies. This includes, but is not limited to:
Determining the legitimacy of all smelters listed through a variety of validated smelter lists such as those maintained by the RMI.
Maintaining an up-to-date list of certified conflict-free smelters and checking reported smelters against that list.
Determining if a smelter, even if outside the Covered Countries, lists source material from the Covered Countries.
Flagging smelters and suppliers listing recycled, scrap, or bank sources of materials.
Flagging smelters and suppliers with unfixed inconsistencies in their forms.
Assent provides potential corrective action guidance to suppliers with data inconsistencies and errors; the average CMRT has been reviewed three times by Assent and the providing supplier prior to receipt of that CMRT by F5. F5 monitors this process through updates from Assent and advises on action for suppliers whose data has not met Assent’s basic threshold for trustworthiness.
Supplier Risk
Suppliers that have not improved the percent of their supply chain surveyed, provided data showing they are not conflict free, or provided metals from other sanctioned countries were considered high-risk.
High-risk suppliers have been contacted throughout the calendar year 2023 so F5 can monitor progress on removing smelters not shown to be conflict free or sourcing material from sanctioned countries.
As per the OECD Due Diligence Guidance, risk mitigation will depend on the supplier’s specific context. Suppliers are given clear performance objectives within reasonable timeframes with the goal of progressive elimination of these risks from the supply chain.
Additionally, suppliers are evaluated on program strength (further assisting in identifying risk in the supply chain). Evaluating and tracking the strength of the program meets the OECD Due Diligence Guidelines and can assist in making key risk mitigation decisions as the program progresses. At this time, 13 of our suppliers have been identified as having a weak program.
Smelter Risk
Furthermore, smelters or refiners not being certified DRC Conflict Free pose a significant risk to the supply chain. Each facility that meets the RMI definition of a smelter or refiner of a 3TG mineral is assigned a risk of high, medium or low based on 3 scoring criteria:
Geographic proximity to the DRC and Covered Countries;
Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) audit status; and
Known or plausible evidence of unethical or conflict sourcing.

Based on these criteria, the following facilities have been identified with a red-flag risks of highest concern into their supply chain:
African Gold Refinery CID003185
Artek LLCCID003553
AU Traders and RefinersCID002850
Emirates Gold DMCCCID002561
Fidelity Printers and Refiners Ltd.CID002515
Gejiu Kai Meng Industry and Trade LLCCID000942
Gejiu Zili Mining And Metallurgy Co., Ltd.CID000555
GGC Gujrat Gold Centre Pvt. Ltd.CID002852
Hunan Jintai New Material Co., Ltd.CID000769
Hydrometallurg, JSCCID002649
Industrial Refining CompanyCID002587
JSC "Kirovgrad Hard Alloys Plant"CID003408
JSC Ekaterinburg Non-Ferrous Metal Processing PlantCID000927
JSC Kolskaya Mining and Metallurgical Company (Kola MMC)CID003233
JSC Novosibirsk RefineryCID000493
JSC UralelectromedCID000929
Kaloti Precious MetalsCID002563
Kyshtym Copper-Electrolytic Plant ZAOCID002865
Lingbao Gold Co., Ltd.CID001056
LLC VostokCID003643
MKM - La Miniere de Kalumbwe MyungaCID003464
Moliren Ltd.CID002845
Moscow Special Alloys Processing PlantCID001204
Novosibirsk Tin CombineCID001305
NPP Tyazhmetprom LLCCID003416
OJSC "The Gulidov Krasnoyarsk Non-Ferrous Metals Plant" (OJSC Krastsvetmet)CID001326
OOO “Technolom” 1CID003614
OOO “Technolom” 2CID003612
Pongpipat Company LimitedCID003208
Prioksky Plant of Non-Ferrous MetalsCID001386
PT Panca Mega PersadaCID001457
Ruashi Mining SASCID003442
Samduck Precious MetalsCID001555
Singway Technology Co., Ltd.CID002516
SOE Shyolkovsky Factory of Secondary Precious MetalsCID001756
Solikamsk Magnesium Works OAOCID001769
Sudan Gold RefineryCID002567
Umicore Precious Metals ThailandCID002314
Unecha Refractory metals plantCID002724
VQB Mineral and Trading Group JSCCID002015
Yunnan Copper Industry Co., Ltd.CID000197

When these facilities were reported on a CMRT by one of the suppliers surveyed, risk mitigation activities were initiated. Through our third-party vendor, Assent, submissions that include any facilities with the above conditions immediately produce a receipt instructing the supplier to take their own risk mitigation actions, including submission of a product specific CMRT to better identify the connection to products that they supply to F5, and escalating up to removal of these high-risk smelters from their supply chain.
Strategy to Respond to Risks
Together with Assent, we developed processes to assess and respond to the risks identified in our supply chain.
Non-Responsive Suppliers
As the conflict minerals due diligence progresses, escalations are sent to non-responsive suppliers to outline the importance of a response via CMRTs and to outline the required cooperation for compliance with the Conflict Minerals rules. Assent provides training on conflict minerals and filling out a CMRT.
Various reasons have been presented for why a supplier does not respond, but the most frequent is out of date contact information. In this case, F5's supply chain team gathers up-to-date supplier contact information. F5’s contract manufacturer, Flex, Ltd., may also be asked to provide their contact with suppliers. Working with Flex also helps eliminate some confusion with suppliers requiring purchase orders to provide information; Flex is typically the purchaser of record, even though F5 maintains design control.
Suppliers with Persistent Issues
When suppliers continue to provide CMRTs to Assent or F5 that list high risk, out of date, or other illegitimate smelters, F5 will follow up with that supplier and request that supplier work to remove those smelters from their supply chain. If a supplier submits a CMRT with issues and those issues persist over an 18-month period without being addressed, F5 will take corrective actions with that supplier up to and including removing them as an Approved Vendor from F5’s Approved Vendor List. For components that have multiple sources, preference will be given to suppliers that have submitted clear CMRTs.
Assent also directly contacts smelters and refiners that are not currently enrolled in the RMAP to encourage their participation and gather information regarding each facility's sourcing practices on behalf of its compliance partners. In the event after multiple attempts, a smelter does not engage in the RMAP, and a supplier continues to use metal from that smelter, F5 may entirely phase out the supplier.
While we were not successful in completely eliminating those smelters from our supply chain, we had a 50% reduction in the number of suppliers claiming those smelters from 2022 to 2023. However, this reduction was offset by the identification of a nearly equal amount of new high-risk smelters added to our supply chain in 2023.
Public Reporting on Supply Chain Due Diligence
During the 2023 reporting period, F5 had 268 actively purchased suppliers listed on our bills of materials and 100% of our active suppliers from our supply chain were invited to complete a CMRT.
Upon collection of CMRT responses, 235 active suppliers were considered in scope and 33 suppliers were deemed out of scope. Of the total of 235 total active, in-scope suppliers, F5 accepted completed CMRTs from 213 suppliers and 7 suppliers provided incomplete or invalid submissions. With both a slight increase in the number of in scope suppliers and number of CMRTs collected year-over-year, we achieved a 93.62% response rate. With coverage above 90%, we believe we have met an acceptable threshold for F5 to consider the data gathering for the period to be complete and a success.
Attached as Appendix A is a list of all smelters and refiners listed by our suppliers in their completed CMRTs that appear on the lists of smelters maintained by the RMI. Most of the CMRTs we received from our suppliers were made on a company or division level basis, rather than on a product-level basis. Because we rely on data from our suppliers and not all suppliers are in each product, our list of processing smelters and refiners disclosed in Appendix A may contain more facilities than contained in any one of our products.
Appendix B includes an aggregated list of the countries of origin from which the reported facilities collectively source conflict minerals, based on information provided by suppliers and the RMI. As mentioned in the above section, many responses were

provided at the company level, therefore, Appendix B may contain more countries than those that our products are being sourced from.
Determination of Conflict Status
For the reporting period ending December 31, 2023, F5 has not been found to be conflict free. This determination stems primarily from two sources of concern:
We still have smelters not listed as conflict free that are either located in or sourcing material in the conflict region.
We did not undergo an independent third-party audit for the reporting period, and thus cannot declare ourselves conflict free.
As a downstream user of materials, F5 does not purchase directly from smelters, or even directly from metals suppliers. As such, we are primarily reliant on entities in our supply chain to perform actual in-person audits of smelters. We search through listings on industry group sites, including the RMI and iTSCi and leverage the findings of those groups in our reporting.
Next Steps
For the 2023 reporting year, we expanded our supplier response rate to 93.62% and enhanced our due diligence actions, including corrective action plans, with a higher volume of high-risk smelters from prior reporting periods. Specifically, our account representatives from Assent, on behalf of F5, identified the entire subset of suppliers who had claimed smelters with discernible risk indicators in their CMRT submissions and engaged them on a monthly basis for an individualized follow-up. In these communications, the supplier was requested to verify materiality and relevance of their CMRT submission specific to the chain of custody for minerals in products sold to F5, and not their products as a whole, and to provide us with a revised User-Defined CMRT if it has been determined that the prior submission was not specific to F5’s exclusive supply chain. Alternatively, if a supplier was unable to proceed with the above step, then F5 required - at the bare minimum - for each supplier to provide a written statement on how their organization intends to move away from the use of those facilities as part of their long-term strategic sourcing practices.
In 2024, we will continue to engage suppliers and conduct the additional due diligence practices we introduced in 2023 in order to further mitigate any risk that the necessary 3TGs in F5’s products could originate from conflict-affected and high-risk areas.
In addition, as part of F5’s ongoing responsible mineral sourcing efforts, F5 will continue the voluntary expansion of its supplier monitoring for cobalt and mica that we began during the 2023 reporting period. Using the Extended Minerals Reporting Template (EMRT), F5 contracts with Assent to collect standardized and validated data from our suppliers to determine the location of cobalt and mica sources used within the supply chain, identify risks caused from certain sources, and make informed sourcing decisions in 2024.

Appendix A
Below is the list of smelters listed on CMRTs of suppliers used by F5 during calendar year 2023.
Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
TungstenA.L.M.T. Corp.JapanCID000004
GoldAdvanced Chemical CompanyUnited States of AmericaCID000015
GoldAida Chemical Industries Co., Ltd.JapanCID000019
GoldAgosi AGGermanyCID000035
GoldAlmalyk Mining and Metallurgical Complex (AMMC)UzbekistanCID000041
GoldAngloGold Ashanti Corrego do Sitio MineracaoBrazilCID000058
GoldArgor-Heraeus S.A.SwitzerlandCID000077
GoldAsahi Pretec Corp.JapanCID000082
GoldAsaka Riken Co., Ltd.JapanCID000090
GoldAtasay Kuyumculuk Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S.TurkeyCID000103
TungstenKennametal HuntsvilleUnited States of AmericaCID000105
GoldAurubis AGGermanyCID000113
GoldBangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines)PhilippinesCID000128
GoldBoliden ABSwedenCID000157
GoldC. Hafner GmbH + Co. KGGermanyCID000176
GoldCCR Refinery - Glencore Canada CorporationCanadaCID000185
GoldCendres + Metaux S.A.SwitzerlandCID000189
GoldYunnan Copper Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000197
TungstenGuangdong Xianglu Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000218
TinChenzhou Yunxiang Mining and Metallurgy Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000228
GoldChimet S.p.A.ItalyCID000233
TungstenChongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000258
GoldChugai MiningJapanCID000264
TungstenCNMC (Guangxi) PGMA Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000281
TantalumGuangdong Rising Rare Metals-EO Materials Ltd.ChinaCID000291
TinAlphaUnited States of AmericaCID000292
TinPT Aries Kencana SejahteraIndonesiaCID000309
TinPT Premium Tin IndonesiaIndonesiaCID000313
GoldDaye Non-Ferrous Metals Mining Ltd.ChinaCID000343
GoldDSC (Do Sung Corporation)Korea, Republic ofCID000359
GoldEco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. East PlantJapanCID000425
TinEM VintoBolivia (Plurinational State of Bolivia)CID000438
TinEstanho de Rondonia S.A.BrazilCID000448
TantalumF&X Electro-Materials Ltd.ChinaCID000460
TinFenix MetalsPolandCID000468
GoldJSC Novosibirsk RefineryRussian FederationCID000493
GoldRefinery of Seemine Gold Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000522
TinGejiu Non-Ferrous Metal Processing Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000538
TinGejiu Zili Mining And Metallurgy Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000555
TungstenGlobal Tungsten & Powders LLCUnited States of AmericaCID000568
GoldGuoda Safina High-Tech Environmental Refinery Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000651
GoldHangzhou Fuchunjiang Smelting Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000671
GoldLT Metal Ltd.Korea, Republic ofCID000689
GoldHeimerle + Meule GmbHGermanyCID000694
GoldHeraeus Metals Hong Kong Ltd.ChinaCID000707
GoldHeraeus Germany GmbH Co. KGGermanyCID000711
TungstenHunan Chenzhou Mining Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000766
GoldHunan Chenzhou Mining Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000767

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
TungstenHunan Jintai New Material Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000769
GoldHunan Guiyang yinxing Nonferrous Smelting Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000773
GoldHwaSeong CJ CO., LTD.Korea, Republic ofCID000778
GoldInner Mongolia Qiankun Gold and Silver Refinery Share Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000801
GoldIshifuku Metal Industry Co., Ltd.JapanCID000807
GoldIstanbul Gold RefineryTurkeyCID000814
GoldJapan MintJapanCID000823
TungstenJapan New Metals Co., Ltd.JapanCID000825
GoldJiangxi Copper Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000855
TantalumJiuJiang JinXin Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000914
TantalumJiujiang Tanbre Co., Ltd.ChinaCID000917
GoldAsahi Refining USA Inc.United States of AmericaCID000920
GoldAsahi Refining Canada Ltd.CanadaCID000924
GoldJSC Ekaterinburg Non-Ferrous Metal Processing PlantRussian FederationCID000927
GoldJSC UralelectromedRussian FederationCID000929
GoldJX Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd.JapanCID000937
TinGejiu Kai Meng Industry and Trade LLCChinaCID000942
GoldKazakhmys Smelting LLCKazakhstanCID000956
TungstenKennametal FallonUnited States of AmericaCID000966
GoldKennecott Utah Copper LLCUnited States of AmericaCID000969
GoldKojima Chemicals Co., Ltd.JapanCID000981
GoldKyrgyzaltyn JSCKyrgyzstanCID001029
GoldL'azurde Company For JewelrySaudi ArabiaCID001032
GoldLingbao Gold Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001056
GoldLingbao Jinyuan Tonghui Refinery Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001058
TinChina Tin Group Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001070
TantalumAMG BrasilBrazilCID001076
GoldLS-NIKKO Copper Inc.Korea, Republic ofCID001078
GoldLuoyang Zijin Yinhui Gold Refinery Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001093
TinMalaysia Smelting Corporation (MSC)MalaysiaCID001105
GoldMaterionUnited States of AmericaCID001113
GoldMatsuda Sangyo Co., Ltd.JapanCID001119
TinMetallic Resources, Inc.United States of AmericaCID001142
GoldMetalor Technologies (Suzhou) Ltd.ChinaCID001147
GoldMetalor Technologies (Hong Kong) Ltd.ChinaCID001149
GoldMetalor Technologies (Singapore) Pte., Ltd.SingaporeCID001152
GoldMetalor Technologies S.A.SwitzerlandCID001153
GoldMetalor USA Refining CorporationUnited States of AmericaCID001157
GoldMetalurgica Met-Mex Penoles S.A. De C.V.MexicoCID001161
TantalumMetallurgical Products India Pvt., Ltd.IndiaCID001163
TinMineracao Taboca S.A.BrazilCID001173
TantalumMineracao Taboca S.A.BrazilCID001175
GoldMitsubishi Materials CorporationJapanCID001188
TinMitsubishi Materials CorporationJapanCID001191
TantalumMitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.JapanCID001192
GoldMitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.JapanCID001193
TantalumNPM Silmet ASEstoniaCID001200
GoldMoscow Special Alloys Processing PlantRussian FederationCID001204
GoldNadir Metal Rafineri San. Ve Tic. A.S.TurkeyCID001220
TinJiangxi New Nanshan Technology Ltd.ChinaCID001231
GoldNavoi Mining and Metallurgical CombinatUzbekistanCID001236
GoldNihon Material Co., Ltd.JapanCID001259
TantalumNingxia Orient Tantalum Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001277

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
TinNovosibirsk Tin CombineRussian FederationCID001305
TinO.M. Manufacturing (Thailand) Co., Ltd.ThailandCID001314
GoldOhura Precious Metal Industry Co., Ltd.JapanCID001325
GoldOJSC "The Gulidov Krasnoyarsk Non-Ferrous Metals Plant" (OJSC Krastsvetmet)Russian FederationCID001326
TinOperaciones Metalurgicas S.A.Bolivia (Plurinational State of)CID001337
GoldMKS PAMP SASwitzerlandCID001352
GoldPenglai Penggang Gold Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001362
GoldPrioksky Plant of Non-Ferrous MetalsRussian FederationCID001386
GoldPT Aneka Tambang (Persero) TbkIndonesiaCID001397
TinPT Artha Cipta LanggengIndonesiaCID001399
TinPT Babel Inti PerkasaIndonesiaCID001402
TinPT Babel Surya Alam LestariIndonesiaCID001406
TinPT Bangka Tin IndustryIndonesiaCID001419
TinPT Belitung Industri SejahteraIndonesiaCID001421
TinPT Bukit TimahIndonesiaCID001428
TinPT Mitra Stania PrimaIndonesiaCID001453
TinPT Panca Mega PersadaIndonesiaCID001457
TinPT Prima Timah UtamaIndonesiaCID001458
TinPT Refined Bangka TinIndonesiaCID001460
TinPT Sariwiguna BinasentosaIndonesiaCID001463
TinPT Stanindo Inti PerkasaIndonesiaCID001468
TinPT Timah Tbk KundurIndonesiaCID001477
TinPT Timah Tbk MentokIndonesiaCID001482
TinPT Timah NusantaraIndonesiaCID001486
TinPT Tinindo Inter NusaIndonesiaCID001490
TinPT Tommy UtamaIndonesiaCID001493
GoldPX Precinox S.A.SwitzerlandCID001498
TantalumQuantumCleanUnited States of AmericaCID001508
GoldRand Refinery (Pty) Ltd.South AfricaCID001512
TantalumYanling Jincheng Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001522
GoldRoyal Canadian MintCanadaCID001534
TinRui Da HungTaiwan, Province of ChinaCID001539
GoldSabin Metal Corp.United States of AmericaCID001546
GoldSamduck Precious MetalsKorea, Republic ofCID001555
GoldSamwon Metals Corp.Korea, Republic ofCID001562
GoldSEMPSA Joyeria Plateria S.A.SpainCID001585
GoldShandong Tiancheng Biological Gold Industrial Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001619
GoldShandong Zhaojin Gold & Silver Refinery Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001622
GoldSichuan Tianze Precious Metals Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001736
GoldSOE Shyolkovsky Factory of Secondary Precious MetalsRussian FederationCID001756
GoldSolar Applied Materials Technology Corp.Taiwan, Province of ChinaCID001761
TantalumSolikamsk Magnesium Works OAORussian FederationCID001769
GoldSumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.JapanCID001798
GoldSuper Dragon Technology Co., Ltd.Taiwan, Province of ChinaCID001810
TantalumTaki Chemical Co., Ltd.JapanCID001869
GoldTanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.K.JapanCID001875
TantalumTelex MetalsUnited States of AmericaCID001891
TinGejiu Yunxin Nonferrous Electrolysis Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001908
GoldGreat Wall Precious Metals Co., Ltd. of CBPMChinaCID001909
GoldShandong Gold Smelting Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001916
GoldTokuriki Honten Co., Ltd.JapanCID001938
GoldTongling Nonferrous Metals Group Co., Ltd.ChinaCID001947

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
GoldTorecomKorea, Republic ofCID001955
TantalumUlba Metallurgical Plant JSCKazakhstanCID001969
GoldUmicore S.A. Business Unit Precious Metals RefiningBelgiumCID001980
GoldUnited Precious Metal Refining, Inc.United States of AmericaCID001993
GoldValcambi S.A.SwitzerlandCID002003
TinVQB Mineral and Trading Group JSCVietnamCID002015
GoldWestern Australian Mint (T/a The Perth Mint)AustraliaCID002030
TinWhite Solder Metalurgia e Mineracao Ltda.BrazilCID002036
TungstenWolfram Bergbau und Hutten AGAustriaCID002044
TungstenXiamen Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002082
GoldYamakin Co., Ltd.JapanCID002100
GoldYokohama Metal Co., Ltd.JapanCID002129
TinYunnan Chengfeng Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002158
TinTin Smelting Branch of Yunnan Tin Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002180
GoldZhongyuan Gold Smelter of Zhongjin Gold CorporationChinaCID002224
GoldGold Refinery of Zijin Mining Group Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002243
GoldMorris and WatsonNew ZealandCID002282
GoldSAFINA A.S.CzechiaCID002290
GoldGuangdong Jinding Gold LimitedChinaCID002312
TungstenJiangxi Minmetals Gao'an Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002313
GoldUmicore Precious Metals ThailandThailandCID002314
TungstenGanzhou Jiangwu Ferrotungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002315
TungstenJiangxi Yaosheng Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002316
TungstenJiangxi Xinsheng Tungsten Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002317
TungstenJiangxi Tonggu Non-ferrous Metallurgical & Chemical Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002318
TungstenMalipo Haiyu Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002319
TungstenXiamen Tungsten (H.C.) Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002320
TungstenJiangxi Gan Bei Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002321
TinCV Venus Inti PerkasaIndonesiaCID002455
TinMagnu's Minerais Metais e Ligas Ltda.BrazilCID002468
TinPT Tirus Putra MandiriIndonesiaCID002478
TantalumHengyang King Xing Lifeng New Materials Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002492
TungstenGanzhou Seadragon W & Mo Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002494
TinMelt Metais e Ligas S.A.BrazilCID002500
TungstenAsia Tungsten Products Vietnam Ltd.VietnamCID002502
TinPT ATD Makmur Mandiri JayaIndonesiaCID002503
TantalumD Block Metals, LLCUnited States of AmericaCID002504
TantalumFIR Metals & Resource Ltd.ChinaCID002505
TantalumJiujiang Zhongao Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002506
TantalumXinXing HaoRong Electronic Material Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002508
GoldMMTC-PAMP India Pvt., Ltd.IndiaCID002509
GoldKGHM Polska Miedz Spolka AkcyjnaPolandCID002511
TantalumJiangxi Dinghai Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002512
TungstenHunan Shizhuyuan Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd. Chenzhou Tungsten Products BranchChinaCID002513
GoldFidelity Printers and Refiners Ltd.ZimbabweCID002515
GoldSingway Technology Co., Ltd.Taiwan, Province of ChinaCID002516
TinO.M. Manufacturing Philippines, Inc.PhilippinesCID002517
GoldShandong Humon Smelting Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002525
GoldShenzhen Zhonghenglong Real Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002527
TantalumKEMET de MexicoMexicoCID002539
TungstenH.C. Starck Tungsten GmbHGermanyCID002541
TungstenTANIOBIS Smelting GmbH & Co. KGGermanyCID002542

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
TungstenMasan High-Tech MaterialsVietnamCID002543
TantalumTANIOBIS Co., Ltd.ThailandCID002544
TantalumTANIOBIS GmbHGermanyCID002545
TantalumMaterion Newton Inc.United States of AmericaCID002548
TantalumTANIOBIS Japan Co., Ltd.JapanCID002549
TantalumTANIOBIS Smelting GmbH & Co. KGGermanyCID002550
TungstenJiangwu H.C. Starck Tungsten Products Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002551
TantalumGlobal Advanced Metals BoyertownUnited States of AmericaCID002557
TantalumGlobal Advanced Metals AizuJapanCID002558
GoldAl Etihad Gold Refinery DMCCUnited Arab EmiratesCID002560
GoldEmirates Gold DMCCUnited Arab EmiratesCID002561
GoldInternational Precious Metal RefinersUnited Arab EmiratesCID002562
GoldKaloti Precious MetalsUnited Arab EmiratesCID002563
GoldSudan Gold RefinerySudanCID002567
TinCV Ayi JayaIndonesiaCID002570
TinElectro-Mechanical Facility of the Cao Bang Minerals & Metallurgy Joint Stock CompanyVietnamCID002572
TinNghe Tinh Non-Ferrous Metals Joint Stock CompanyVietnamCID002573
TinTuyen Quang Non-Ferrous Metals Joint Stock CompanyVietnamCID002574
GoldT.C.A S.p.AItalyCID002580
GoldREMONDIS PMR B.V.NetherlandsCID002582
GoldFujairah Gold FZCUnited Arab EmiratesCID002584
GoldIndustrial Refining CompanyBelgiumCID002587
GoldShirpur Gold Refinery Ltd.IndiaCID002588
TungstenNiagara Refining LLCUnited States of AmericaCID002589
TinPT Rajehan AriqIndonesiaCID002593
GoldKorea Zinc Co., Ltd.Korea, Republic ofCID002605
GoldMarsam MetalsBrazilCID002606
GoldTOO Tau-Ken-AltynKazakhstanCID002615
TungstenChina Molybdenum Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002641
TungstenHydrometallurg, JSCRussian FederationCID002649
TinPT Cipta Persada MuliaIndonesiaCID002696
TinAn Vinh Joint Stock Mineral Processing CompanyVietnamCID002703
TinResind Industria e Comercio Ltda.BrazilCID002706
TantalumResind Industria e Comercio Ltda.BrazilCID002707
GoldAbington Reldan Metals, LLCUnited States of AmericaCID002708
TungstenUnecha Refractory metals plantRussian FederationCID002724
GoldShenzhen CuiLu Gold Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002750
TinSuper LigasBrazilCID002756
GoldAlbino Mountinho Lda.PortugalCID002760
GoldL'Orfebre S.A.AndorraCID002762
Gold8853 S.p.A.ItalyCID002763
TinAurubis BeerseBelgiumCID002773
TinAurubis BerangoSpainCID002774
TinPT Bangka Prima TinIndonesiaCID002776
GoldWIELAND Edelmetalle GmbHGermanyCID002778
GoldOgussa Osterreichische Gold- und Silber-Scheideanstalt GmbHAustriaCID002779
TinPT Sukses Inti MakmurIndonesiaCID002816
TungstenPhilippine Chuangxin Industrial Co., Inc.PhilippinesCID002827
TungstenACL Metais EireliBrazilCID002833
TinPT Menara Cipta MuliaIndonesiaCID002835
TantalumJiangxi Tuohong New Raw MaterialChinaCID002842

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
TinHuiChang Hill Tin Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID002844
TungstenMoliren Ltd.Russian FederationCID002845
GoldAU Traders and RefinersSouth AfricaCID002850
GoldGGC Gujrat Gold Centre Pvt. Ltd.IndiaCID002852
GoldSai RefineryIndiaCID002853
GoldModeltech Sdn BhdMalaysiaCID002857
TinModeltech Sdn BhdMalaysiaCID002858
GoldBangalore RefineryIndiaCID002863
GoldKyshtym Copper-Electrolytic Plant ZAORussian FederationCID002865
GoldDegussa Sonne / Mond Goldhandel GmbHGermanyCID002867
GoldPease & CurrenUnited States of AmericaCID002872
GoldJALAN & CompanyIndiaCID002893
GoldSungEel HiMetal Co., Ltd.Korea, Republic ofCID002918
GoldPlanta Recuperadora de Metales SpAChileCID002919
GoldABC Refinery Pty Ltd.AustraliaCID002920
GoldSafimet S.p.AItalyCID002973
TinGuangdong Hanhe Non-Ferrous Metal Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003116
GoldState Research Institute Center for Physical Sciences and TechnologyLithuaniaCID003153
GoldAfrican Gold RefineryUgandaCID003185
GoldGold Coast RefineryGhanaCID003186
GoldNH Recytech CompanyKorea, Republic ofCID003189
TinChifeng Dajingzi Tin Industry Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003190
TinPT Bangka SerumpunIndonesiaCID003205
TinPongpipat Company LimitedMyanmarCID003208
GoldQG Refining, LLCUnited States of AmericaCID003324
TinTin Technology & RefiningUnited States of AmericaCID003325
GoldDijllah Gold Refinery FZCUnited Arab EmiratesCID003348
TinDongguan CiEXPO Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003356
TinMa'anshan Weitai Tin Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003379
TinPT Rajawali Rimba PerkasaIndonesiaCID003381
GoldCGR Metalloys Pvt Ltd.IndiaCID003382
GoldSovereign MetalsIndiaCID003383
TinLuna Smelter, Ltd.RwandaCID003387
TinYunnan Yunfan Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003397
TungstenLianyou Metals Co., Ltd.Taiwan, Province of ChinaCID003407
TungstenJSC "Kirovgrad Hard Alloys Plant"Russian FederationCID003408
TinPrecious Minerals and Smelting LimitedIndiaCID003409
TinGejiu City Fuxiang Industry and Trade Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003410
TungstenNPP Tyazhmetprom LLCRussian FederationCID003416
TungstenHubei Green Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003417
GoldEco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. North PlantJapanCID003424
GoldEco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. West PlantJapanCID003425
TungstenAlbasteel Industria e Comercio de Ligas Para Fundicao Ltd.BrazilCID003427
TinPT Mitra Sukses GlobalindoIndonesiaCID003449
GoldAugmont Enterprises Private LimitedIndiaCID003461
GoldKundan Care Products Ltd.IndiaCID003463
TungstenCronimet Brasil LtdaBrazilCID003468
TinCRM Fundicao De Metais E Comercio De Equipamentos Eletronicos Do Brasil LtdaBrazilCID003486
GoldEmerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 1)IndiaCID003487
GoldEmerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 2)IndiaCID003488
GoldEmerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 3)IndiaCID003489
GoldEmerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 4)IndiaCID003490
GoldK.A. RasmussenNorwayCID003497

Smelter Name
Smelter Facility Location
Smelter ID
GoldAlexy MetalsUnited States of AmericaCID003500
TinCRM SynergiesSpainCID003524
GoldMD OverseasIndiaCID003548
TungstenArtek LLCRussian FederationCID003553
GoldMetallix Refining Inc.United States of AmericaCID003557
GoldMetal Concentrators SA (Pty) Ltd.South AfricaCID003575
TinFabrica Auricchio Industria e Comercio Ltda.BrazilCID003582
TantalumRFH Yancheng Jinye New Material Technology Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003583
TungstenFujian Xinlu Tungsten Co., Ltd.ChinaCID003609
TungstenOOO “Technolom” 2Russian FederationCID003612
TungstenOOO “Technolom” 1Russian FederationCID003614
GoldGold by Gold ColombiaColombiaCID003641
TungstenLLC VostokRussian FederationCID003643
GoldDongwu Gold GroupChinaCID003663
GoldSam Precious MetalsUnited Arab EmiratesCID003666
TinDS MyanmarMyanmarCID003831
TinPT Putera Sarana Shakti (PT PSS)IndonesiaCID003868
Tantalum5D Production OUEstoniaCID003926
TungstenHANNAE FOR T Co., Ltd.Korea, Republic ofCID003978
TungstenTungsten Vietnam Joint Stock CompanyVietnamCID003993
GoldCoimpa Industrial LTDABrazilCID004010
TungstenNam Viet Cromit Joint Stock CompanyVietnamCID004034
TantalumPowerX Ltd.RwandaCID004054
TungstenDONGKUK INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.Korea, Republic ofCID004060
TinMining Minerals Resources SARLCongo, Democratic Republic of TheCID004065
TungstenLianyou Resources Co., Ltd.Taiwan, Province of ChinaCID004397
TungstenShinwon Tungsten (Fujian Shanghang) Co., Ltd.ChinaCID004430
TinMalaysia Smelting Corporation Berhad (Port Klang)MalaysiaCID004434
GoldGG Refinery Ltd.Tanzania, United Republic ofCID004506
TungstenKenee Mining Corporation VietnamVietnamCID004619
TinTakehara PVD Materials Plant / PVD Materials Division of MITSUI MINING & SMELTING CO., LTD.JapanCID004403

Appendix B – Countries of origin
This list of potential countries of origin is populated based on RMI validated smelters listed in our RCOI.
Country of Origin
Russian Federation
United Kingdom
United States of America
Sierra Leone

Country of Origin
Hong Kong
South Africa
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Democratic Republic of Congo
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Papua New Guinea
New Zealand
Burkina Faso

Country of Origin
El Salvador
Central African Republic
Dominican Republic
South Sudan
Ivory Coast
Solomon Islands